2017 ended and it was an outstanding year for the ICD, with a record amount of investment in financial industries and productive capacities of the private sector in member countries. Almost a two-third of our investment went to the financial sector, while our infrastructure financing also
reached historical peak last year.
The Islamic finance industry has reverted to growth after a brief downturn caused by low oil prices and stumbling economies in some of its key markets, with total industry assets growing 7% in 2016 to US$ 2.2 trillion. Governance in particular made strong gains as governments saw the industry as one way to rekindle their economies. Islamic finance may be young, and still tiny in comparison with the global financial industry, but the industry’s rapid development suggests it will continue to grow.
The ICD Thomson Reuters Islamic Finance Development Indicator (IFDI) presents the key numbers behind that growth, covering the entire Islamic finance ecosystem in terms of Quantitative Development, Knowledge, Governance, Corporate Social Responsibility, and Awareness. Measurements have been taken for 131 countries, up from 124 in last year’s report. This fifth annual IFDI report looks in detail at the drivers of the industry’s renewed expansion, its top performers, and the trends that will propel future growth.
The Unit Investment Fund (UIF) is a trust fund established in 1989 by Islamic Development Bank (IDB) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The fund is currently incorporated in Federal Territory of Labuan, Malaysia. The fund was launched to provide investors with an opportunity
to invest in Shariah compliant finance (Corporate, Trade & Treasury and Equities) while benefiting from risk-adjusted returns. The strategy and operations of the fund are governed by Islamic Limited Liability Partnership agreement (LLP).
~~The development performance of our MCs varies by region. The Sub-Saharan African (SSA) economies still need basic development support. Asian countries are more advanced, but would benefit from financial support for private sectors and infrastructure development. Countries in the Middle East and North Africa are struggling with political instability, and declining oil prices that negatively affect their economies. ICD is tailoring programs to suit individual country needs.
This report also shows the development results ICD achieved in 2016. It is encouraging that participation in the Annual Development Effectiveness Survey has increased again this year. This survey suggests that ICD continues to be successful in supporting direct employment, including for women, and growth of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). The contribution to government revenues has increased, as has the number of projects supporting health, agribusiness and education. These sectors are particularly important in
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
I am very pleased to introduce the 2016 Annual Report that reveals yet another successful and a momentous year for the ICD. The world in 2016 witnessed volatile and fragile market conditions, weakening global trade, and some geopolitical instabilities. Unfortunately,
most ICD member countries were affected by these challenges and as a result their economic growth slowed down considerably. In addition, the extended period of the low prices of oil and other major commodities hit most of the countries through declined fiscal revenues and weakened export prospects.
Tightening of global financial markets and capital outflows from developing economies was another serious economic headwind facing our member countries in the past year.
ICD works in 52 member countries. Its development strategy complements the
IDBG ten-year strategy of contributing to the attainment of the Sustainable
Development Goals by promoting inclusive and sustainable growth,
employment and poverty reduction.
In 1437H, ICD approved USD787.5mln worth of financing for a total of 34
investments, and disbursed USD289.5mln. New project approvals were in highimpact
sectors such as agribusiness, energy, industry and infrastructure. ICD’s
project portfolio mainly consists of financial instruments such as lines of finance.
Its asset management role is also expanding. ICD is working to achieve a more
balanced geographical distribution of its approved projects.
There is no gender difference between success in establishing a business once both males and females have the same preference to self-employment and attempts towards establishing a new business. However, the gender gap tends to be huge when it comes to individual preferences and attempts to start up an entrepreneurial activity. In this study, we empirically estimate the role of inequality in individual and country attributes between man and woman in the bridging this gender entrepreneurship gap. Using Oaxaca-type decomposition and its extensions on choice of weighting matrix for non-linear probability models, we found that differences in both individual as well as country characteristics largely favor males, while the former play greater role in explaining the gender gap. About a one third of the gender gap in both latent as well as nascent entrepreneurship can be traced back to females owning smaller endowments than males. Empirical results also show differences in return to measured characteristics favor males. Nevertheless, a portion of gender gap that is unexplained by the differences in these characteristics and their coefficients (or return) could still indicate gender discrimination.
Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) Diagnostics Report is produced by the Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector (ICD), the private sector arm of Islamic Development Bank (IDB). It provides an overview of business environment and analysis of key elements of business climate in each ICD member country (MC) and reports main characteristics and business constraints of SMEs in comparison to
its regional and/or world average performances. The reports may serve as a useful tool for both policymakers and entities within the IDB Group interested in SMEs and private sector development.
This report is a special edition on the SMEs Diagnostics series where we largely use the panel data set on 250 identical Bangladeshi firms to analyze the change in business environment obstacles over the period of 2007-2010. The report consists of seven sections. Section 1 briefly explains the data source and methodology of the study. Section 2 describes main characteristics of private firms in comparison with the regional and global averages. Section 3 analyzes the top obstacles of private firms while Section 4 elaborates on the major constraints of Bangladeshi SMEs. Section 5 and Section 6 sheds light on changes in two most significant elements of business environment for Bangladeshi SMEs over time. Section 7 concludes with some policy recommendations.
The terms and conditions of financing are determined according to market conditions, the country and project specific risks. Please refer to the investment guidelines in order to know how the financing conditions